pam_winbind.conf — Configuration file of PAM module for Winbind
This configuration file is part of the samba(7) suite.
pam_winbind.conf is the configuration file for the pam_winbind PAM module. See pam_winbind(8) for further details.
The pam_winbind.conf configuration file is a classic ini-style configuration file. There is only one section (global) where various options are defined.
pam_winbind supports several options which can either be set in
the PAM configuration files or in the pam_winbind configuration
file situated at
from the PAM configuration file take precedence to those from
the pam_winbind.conf configuration file.
Gives debugging output to syslog. Defaults to "no".
Gives detailed PAM state debugging output to syslog. Defaults to "no".
If this option is set, pam_winbind will only succeed if the user is a member of the given SID or NAME. A SID
can be either a group-SID, an alias-SID or even an user-SID. It is also possible to give a NAME instead of the
SID. That name must have the form:
MYDOMAIN\myuser (where '\' character corresponds to the value of
winbind separator parameter). It is also possible to use a UPN in the form
group@REALM. pam_winbind will, in that case, lookup
the SID internally. Note that NAME may not contain any spaces. It is thus recommended to only use SIDs. You can
verify the list of SIDs a user is a member of with
This setting is empty by default.
This option only operates during password authentication, and will not restrict access if a password is not required for any reason (such as SSH key-based login).
By default, pam_winbind tries to get the authentication token from a previous module. If no token is available it asks the user for the old password. With this option, pam_winbind aborts with an error if no authentication token from a previous module is available. If a primary password is not valid, PAM will prompt for a password. Default to "no".
pam_winbind can authenticate using Kerberos when winbindd is
talking to an Active Directory domain controller. Kerberos
authentication must be enabled with this parameter. When
Kerberos authentication can not succeed (e.g. due to clock
skew), winbindd will fallback to samlogon authentication over
MSRPC. When this parameter is used in conjunction with
winbind refresh tickets, winbind will
keep your Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) up-to-date by refreshing
it whenever necessary. Defaults to "no".
When pam_winbind is configured to try kerberos authentication
by enabling the
krb5_auth option, it can
store the retrieved Ticket Granting Ticket (TGT) in a
credential cache. The type of credential cache can be
controlled with this option. The supported values are:
(when supported by the system's Kerberos library and
(when the DIR type is supported by the system's Kerberos
library). In case of FILE a credential cache in the form of
/tmp/krb5cc_UID will be created - in case of DIR you NEED
to specify a directory. UID is replaced with the numeric
user id. The UID directory is being created. The path up to
the directory should already exist. Check the details of the
When using the KEYRING type, the supported mechanism is “KEYRING:persistent:UID”, which uses the Linux kernel keyring to store credentials on a per-UID basis. The KEYRING has its limitations. As it is secure kernel memory, for example bulk sorage of credentils is for not possible.
When using th KCM type, the supported mechanism is “KCM:UID”, which uses a Kerberos credential manaager to store credentials on a per-UID basis similar to KEYRING. This is the recommended choice on latest Linux distributions, offering a Kerberos Credential Manager. If not we suggest to use KEYRING as those are the most secure and predictable method.
It is also possible to define custom filepaths and use the "%u" pattern in order to substitute the numeric user id. Examples:
This will create a credential cache file in the specified directory.
This will create a credential cache file.
Leave empty to just do kerberos authentication without having a ticket cache after the logon has succeeded. This setting is empty by default.
Winbind allows one to logon using cached credentials when
winbind offline logon is enabled. To use this feature from the PAM module this option must be set. Defaults to "no".
Do not emit any messages. Defaults to "no".
Create homedirectory for a user on-the-fly, option is valid in PAM session block. Defaults to "no".
Defines number of days before pam_winbind starts to warn about passwords that are going to expire. Defaults to 14 days.
Generate prompt for changing an expired password. Defaults to "no".